In the second image, the spike in sugar-hungry cells corresponds to a diagnosis of immune reconstitution syndrome, or IRIS. Unfortunately, some people treated with ART after HIV has already significantly damaged the immune system -- particularly those with opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis or cytomegalovirus -- may develop a serious condition called HIV-associated immune reconstitution syndrome IRIS. In people with IRIS, the rebounding immune system overcompensates for HIV-associated damage with severe inflammation that can damage tissues and cause symptoms such as high fevers. The study began when researchers led by Irini Sereti, M.
Etymology[ edit ] The word ugali is a Bantu language term derived from Swahili. In parts of Tanzania , the dish also goes by the informal, "street" name of nguna or donee. Maize was introduced to Africa from the Americas between the 16th and 17th century. Before this, sorghum and millet were the staple cereals in most of Sub-Saharan Africa. Maize was readily accepted by African farmers as its cultivation was very similar to that of sorghum but with significantly higher yields. Eventually, maize displaced sorghum as the primary cereal in all but the drier regions.